Fusco Girard, Luigi and Nocca, Francesca Integrating cultural heritage in urban territorial sustainable development. How can we pass from principles to actions? The principle of subsidiarity is assumed as a starting point for implementing innovative public private social partnership. At the same time, this commons approach suggests new forms of economy: cooperative economy, solidarity economy, social economy and, more in general, circular economy.
View more statistics. Integrating cultural heritage in urban territorial sustainable development. Downloads per month over past year. EPrints on Cultural Heritage. Login Create Account Repository Statistics. English French. PDF Download 65kB Preview. At the logical level of our territorial model, the importance given to the presence of farmland is reflected by the fact that stakeholders perceive farmers as important actors in the modeling of the landscape.
This discourse is also echoed by farmers themselves and other stakeholders. The idea of farmers actively contributing to the maintenance of landscapes is sustained in the existential dimension of the territorial model: local stakeholders often consider the Thau territory as an entirely anthropogenic, human-made space, regardless of the omnipresence of what we have called natural spaces. What are natural spaces? This view was particularly strong when the garrigue was considered, which several stakeholders considered as human-induced vegetation.
Garrigue is often classified as natural vegetation because human activity in garrigue is not as important as it was in the past. However, local stakeholders considered garrigue as totally shaped by human activities, and deemed the actual decrease of agricultural activities in those areas as a loss:.
In conclusion, our findings indicate that the construction of the aesthetic service rests mainly on physical elements of different types, where agricultural elements play an important role. Our discussion first reflects on how each level of the territorial lens contributes to fulfilling this goal. We then move to a reflection on the limitations of our approach. The first level of the model physical dimension can help establish a typology of physical elements, at different scales, identified by stakeholders as prerequisites for the existence of a service in the territory.
The identification of physical elements that comprise the presence of an ES is important because these elements can be linked to the logical and existential dimensions of the model, which gives insights about the role of humans in the creation or maintenance of those elements and their symbolic meaning. Indeed, the elements pertaining to the logical level can first be used to identify how stakeholders perceive the role of human beings in the creation or maintenance of ES. For example, the systemic short-circuit vision of agricultural activities as promoted in Villeveyrac aims at justifying the food production service in this village.
Here, the logical dimension operates as an integrator of the human dimension of ES Challenge 1 by acknowledging the role of humans in creating or maintaining ES. It also contributes to the re-contextualization of ES by taking into account the way stakeholders are legitimating or contesting the presence of an ES in a territory, eliciting the rationale that is accompanying it in a specific context Challenge 2. The elements of the existential level are also important for a better contextualization of ES Challenge 2 ; they highlight key aspects of the relationships between stakeholders or local communities; e.
Understanding such conceptions can explain why stakeholders positively assess some physical elements while they respond negatively to others. Finally, the framing of our case study as a social valuation of ES helped address the identified limitations of a perceived need for metrics and quantification, including economic valuation Challenge 3. Our case study opened up the possibility to have access to more immediate perceptions of stakeholders.
Indeed, through the interviews, the question of ES was approached indirectly i. Stakeholders therefore had the opportunity to express their relationships with their environments in their own words. Our case study was exploratory, and as a first attempt, it has laid bare several limitations that need to be acknowledged.
These are discussed in the next section. The first limitation we encountered concerns stakeholder suspicions about ES, particularly the identification of physical elements. Particularly farmers expressed such suspicions in our case study. Indeed, when working with stakeholders on locating particular ES, some were worried that mapped ES could become the basis of formal planning documents, which would add further constraints to their practices, whether professional or recreational.
In addition to research ethics, another important consideration is the validity domain of such cartographic outputs. Maps derived from participatory sessions have limited use as de facto standards because their domains of validity are inherently constrained by the selection of local stakeholders and the framing questions these stakeholders were asked to consider.
A second limitation concerns the time scale of our case study research. Our participatory design did not capture longer term processes of value construction or marginalization; hence, our results offer only a snapshot of the current situation. Moreover, to be complete, the description of the articulation of values should take into account several trends among stakeholders, and give a voice to those who have been marginalized during the longer term process of value construction.
Our snapshot is therefore monolithic and arguably misses the complexity of the history of social reality of our study area. We have provided some insight into how a social valuation of ES, through a territorial lens, can mitigate some limitations associated with mainstream interpretations of the ES concept. In summary, the territorial lens, as an analytic device within a social valuation of ES, could adequately take into account the human dimension of ES Challenge 1 , re-contextualize ES Challenge 2 , and allow stakeholders to talk about their immediate link with the environment without the need for prior quantification or measurement Challenge 3.
Due to the exploratory nature of our case study, several challenges remain. Future research could further explore social realities in order to give a more nuanced picture of a study area. Such a study could consider the dynamic dimension of the territorial model Maurel , which we have ignored due to the short time frame of our case study. The dynamic aspects of the model could, for example, analyze the evolution of ES in the territory e. Another area for future research is the degree to which partitioning ES based on a territorial reading frame is consistent with current French territorial planning and its data and information needs Maurel , Bertacchini et al.
In addition to the possible uses of ES information in French territorial planning, there are questions about alignment of process and the degree to which our tested approach to social valuation should be codified and simplified in order to be found practicable.
This may involve moving toward quantitative rather than qualitative data, and simplifying the mapping process. Indeed, an analysis of socio-preferences of ES would merit substantially from being coupled with biophysical analysis of the landscape in order to further explore the complex links between biophysical elements, ecological processes, and perceived ES Crossman et al. Spatial modeling based on satellite imagery or existing spatial databases could be employed subsequently to map ES at different scales.
We thank SMBT staff for their support of, and participation in, this research project. We are grateful to our workshop participants for their time and effort. Asah, S. Guerry, D. Blahna, and J. Perception, acquisition and use of ecosystem services: human behavior, and ecosystem management and policy implications. Ecosystem Services — Bertacchini, Y. Maurel, P. Blezat Consulting. Bonin, M. VertigO — Bryan, B. Raymond, N. Crossman, and D. Comparing spatially explicit ecological and social values for natural areas to identify effective conservation strategies.
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Integrating cultural heritage in urban territorial sustainable development
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The Territorial Future Of The City Urban And Landscape Perspectives
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City, territory, architecture. Three words to supersede a dichotomy: between city and architecture, city and territory, and also architecture and territory. If considered two at a time, these words tend to emphasise their diversity more than their complementarity, as they are also positioned at each end of a range of states of affairs things. The choice of a title with three words is also a critical reflection as regards antonymous concepts that today have invaded the debate on human settlement. We are thinking, for example, of city and environment or, more in general, nature and artifice.
The Territorial Future of the City Urban and Landscape
The sequence in which the three words of the title are pronounced is dictated neither by scale nor by a hierarchy, hence the second word, territory, does not follow on but is inserted, as an element common to the others, like a system of relations, an intermediate space, that presses for a reciprocal transformation of the worlds of meaning the three words evoke. The territory slips into a dual relationship making us reconsider the world of relations inherent in design, in the same way as in The fifth child, by Doris Lessing , there is an intrusion in a family that attests to the impossibility to plan a quiet life and that it is an illusion to think of doing without a relationship with others.
This is because everything is always at the border, in the intermediate world between the self and the other, as Silvano Tagliagambe, philosopher and epistemologist of design, argues in this inaugural issue Tagliagambe Understood in this way, the concept of intermediate space denotes the symbolic-practical structure around which a society may recognise itself: not just or so much as a border area in the territorial sense as, rather, a terrain of cultural and disciplinary exchange, an attempt to cast off the established mental and cultural systems.
From the territory the city is called upon to rediscover an anchorage to the land, to become aware of its limits of adaptation to unusual situations. And it therefore discovers, not without effort, the reality of our natural condition, and the fact that however immaterial and multiple the relations are that urban-dwellers enjoy with each other across the planet, they are responsible for the places and a part of the territory.
The territory is the space in which the city of places re-emerges in the city of flows, recalling the inseparability of the biological and cultural dimensions in our relationship with the land, the unity between nature and spirit, which Luigi Mazza refers to in his analysis of the influence of planning on the formation of new concepts of citizenship and common goods. The rediscovery of an anchorage to the land entails a revision of the forms and ways in which this link is interpreted.
No longer through the gaze of the strategist who owns the land, but through a gaze pondering over the awareness of reciprocity, respecting its authority Wenders , which is not a new pantheism, but a critical reflection on the deep meanings that the reciprocity of this relationship has for urban life. This concept is also recalled, for example, by Felix Duque, as a conclusion to his paper on the relationship between public art and urban space construction Duque It virtually means that when the city can no longer be designed because urban strategy is more and more entrepreneurial strategy that is hetero-directed by the market, artists take the city by the hand, opening up new urban visions.
The purpose of the Principle of Hope is to try to give sense to our living at a distance from ourselves, thus the utopian ideal par excellence is to rediscover ourselves and rediscover the sense of ourselves in a collective entity, not in the solitary sense. It is an approach that tends to discover how our contemporary nature — industrial, mechanical and promotional Restany — is changing as concerns the widened environmental sensitivity affecting contemporary life. Various critical studies in the social sciences of the last decades have analysed its influence, exploring, for example, the evolution of environment-based socialisation, as Dino Borri, Domenico Camarda and Rossella Stufano show in the introductory pages to their paper Borri The environmental dimension nevertheless find it difficult to be incorporated in the process of disciplinary construction for space design, due to the tension between the moral imperative environmental sustainability has generated and disciplinary construction.
The initial results of this interaction are not encouraging, for the moral imperative of sustainable design tends to meet the needs of disciplinary contribution Mostafavi A hindrance to the dialectical development - in a truly projectual sense - of this tension between moral imperative of sustainability and disciplinary contribution is represented by the fact that space design continues to be object-oriented, denying the search for process-oriented approaches capable of considering the entirety of the relations between urban development and environmental processes. But it is a necessary dialectical tension since the disciplinary foundations of space design are increasingly required to interact with the problems and perspectives the environmental dimension has opened up in the contemporary spatial condition.
A condition that, as Piercarlo Palermo emphasises in his paper Palermo , cannot have as its prevalent base a notion of landscape limited to settlement environments with a low human impact, but that covers a more radical notion of urban landscape as an interweaving of forms, meanings and experiences of urban life.